AIDS Risk Reduction Education and Skills Training
Principles of the health belief model and social learning theory form the
conceptual framework for this program, together with strategies previously
found to be effective in changing such adolescent health-risk behaviors as
cigarette smoking and early pregnancy. Originally designed for teens between
12 and 16 years of age, the intervention includes three 90-minute, small group
sessions, in which participants receive five forms of assistance: (1) information
about the transmission and prevention of HIV/AIDS;( 2) instruction in purchasing
and using condoms with spermicide; (3) guidance in self-assessment of risk
behaviors; (4) training in decision-making, communication, and assertiveness
skills; and (5) peer group support for HIV/AIDS prevention and risk reduction.
In addition to lectures and modeling by instructors, teens complete role plays,
skill-building exercises, and homework activities. A field study of the program
was conducted with 87 African-American and Latino youths, who were recruited
from three New York City community-based organizations providing alternative
education and after-school programs for high-risk teens. Comparing four week
follow-up measures of program participants with a control group of peers, participants
showed significant gains in knowledge and attitudes about AIDS, as well as
in sexual refusal and negotiation skills. However, no differences were found
between the groups' risk-related sexual behaviors.View
more detailed information on this program.
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