Family Growth Center: A Community-Based Social
Support Program for Teen Mothers and Their Families
The Family Growth Center (FGC) is a comprehensive, community-based family
support program designed to reduce repeat pregnancy and school drop-out rates
among adolescent mothers. The program aims to provide teen mothers in high-risk
neighborhoods with a comprehensive set of educational and support services,
offered within family and neighborhood contexts. Young women are recruited
for the program by perinatal counselors/coaches when they arrive at participating
hospital clinics for prenatal visits. Thereafter, they are offered a range
of intervention components, coordinated by FGC Case Managers. Program components
include home visits, crisis intervention, bimonthly parenting classes, supervised
daycare, transportation services, recreational opportunities, and advocacy
and referral services. The evaluated FGC Pilot Program took place in several
of Pittsburgh's high-risk urban neighborhoods. Of the 88 first-time mothers
recruited for the study, 49 were assigned to the intervention group and 39
to the control group. An attrition group was formed to follow the 25 women
(15 intervention, 10 control) who dropped out of the program. Protocol assessment
measures were diverse and included interview and questionnaire data and psychosocial
and behavioral outcomes of mothers and their children. Researchers found that
the proportion of the intervention group mothers who dropped out of school
(3/34) was significantly less than the proportion of the control group (12/29),
a pattern which held at both Time 1 (two years after recruitment) and Time
2 (three years after recruitment) analysis points. Significant differences
were also found in the frequency of repeat pregnancies between the two groups.
At Time 1, three repeat pregnancies occurred in the intervention group (less
than 10%) versus 11 repeat pregnancies (38%) in the control group (p=0.006).
The Time 2 pattern was the same, with a total of 7 repeat pregnancies among
the intervention group and 21 within the control group (p=0.020). View
more detailed information on this program.
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