Welfare, Children, and Families: A Three-City Study
(Boston, Chicago, and San Antonio) Embedded Developmental Study,
Wave 1, 1999
The Welfare, Children and Families Study is a longitudinal study of children
and their caregivers in low-income families that were living in low-income
neighborhoods in three cities in 1999. The purpose of the study is to investigate
the consequences of policy changes resulting from the Personal Responsibility
and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act of 1996 (PRWORA). The survey was designed
to provide information on the health and cognitive, behavioral, and emotional
development of children and on their primary caregivers' labor force behavior,
welfare experiences, family lives, use of social service, health, and well-being.
The Embedded Developmental Study (EDS) was developed to gain a more detailed and valid picture of the environments and processes that affect children during early childhood that cannot be obtained through standard survey instruments. The EDS was focused on preschoolers because children in this age range embark upon developmental paths that, in turn, drive later intellectual, social and physical growth. Mothers also face challenges during this period in providing appropriate warmth, limit setting, and learning opportunities, as well as in meeting the great time demands of caring for preschool children and finding appropriate alternate care.
The survey gathered detailed, process-oriented measures that provide information not easily collected in standard surveys. The EDS contains three components: (1) an additional home visit with mother and child, which includes videotaped tasks for the child and the mother-child together, as well as an additional mother interview; (2) a visit to the child's primary care provider (other than the mother), which includes observational ratings of the care and an interview with the childcare provider; and (3) an interview with the child's biological father. The EDS was undertaken with nearly all children ages two to four in the survey. It mirrored the main survey in its timeline; with all portions of the EDS completed while the main survey was conducted in the field. Of the approximately 2,400 children who were selected in the first year of the survey, about half were between birth and four years in age. The approximately 700 focal children aged two to four were included in the EDS (n=737).
Please Note: Before the Three-City Study data set can be shipped, we must have a signed copy of the Use Agreement (fax copy is OK) in our office. The original is to be kept by the ordering institution or individual, and EVERY person who accesses the data set must read and sign the agreement. There is no need to send us additional copies of the agreement as new users add their signatures. However, the Principal Investigator and Johns Hopkins University reserve the right to audit the Use Agreement Form. To expedite your shipment, it is helpful to download the Use Agreement, and fax it back to Sociometrics at (650) 949-3299. Due to the necessity of the Use Agreement, this data set is not available for download.